gostaria de anunciar que estou largando tudo para me dedicar à minha grande paixão – o sapateado.
Perfect Preflop Play Light has been up for a week and it’s been downloaded in 15 countries, and counting. Thank you for downloading and getting us to page 2 for poker apps this fast. We’re working hard to give you version 1.1 of PPP Classic in early December.
PPP Light allows you to take the essential hold’em tool out for a spin without committing to paying even a single dime.
FUNCTIONS INCLUDED (for comparison with our other apps):
. Normal heads-up
Perfect Preflop Play is a family of apps that enables you to play just about every hand that ends preflop with superhuman ability, through a clever method of matching up your hand against all relevant hand ranges your opponents may have.
This light version features a fraction of the functions that are or will soon be available in our other apps. PPP Light consists of the “normal heads-up mode” section of our more complete apps, which tells you how many big blinds it’s safe to call against each of your opponent’s shoving ranges when heads-up. It also covers situations at fuller tables when you’re in the small blind or when you’re blind vs. blind with no antes – but don’t use it for other positions (like when you’re the big blind facing a button push, or even if you’re in the small blind at a full table with antes, as PPP Light covers only zero or two antes) as the numbers would be wrong! The Q scale information is also there, helping you gauge whether you should shove your hand when it’s your turn to open.
After testing this one, get Perfect Preflop Play – Poker tool + lessons, to get not only everything you need at heads-up, 6-max or full tables (with or without antes), but also “relevant profit” mode, which, unlike normal mode that tells you at what point a call becomes profitable, instead tells you at what point you start adding 5% to your chipstack by making the call. That way, if you’re maybe concerned about a bubble, or for some other reason do not want to pursue an infinitesimal edge, relevant profit will let you know which calls are truly unmissable. Relevant profit will be added free in version 1.1 of PPP.
And the full version comes with an e-book (available in English and Portuguese in the same version of the app) that explains all of the logic and math that go into using PPP to make the right decisions. This will truly make you a more intelligent player who understands the underlying relationships that make poker work. Welcome to a world of optimal decisions. Welcome to Perfect Preflop Play.
Introducing PPP entry points, our lowest-level app is going to be launched in October and will be absolutely free. Heads-up Only is going to feature one of the eleven PPP functions (classic heads-up mode) and will allow the user to take Perfect Preflop Play out for a test drive before committing to spending even a dime.
PPP Heads-up Only will show you one such screen for each starting hand. That’s one out of eleven total functions you can get with our most complete product, PPP Deluxe. Note that the numbers will be correct no only for a heads-up table, but also when you’re in the small blind at a bigger table, and for when you’re in the big blind facing a raise from the small blind.
We’re planning to launch three products soon to go along with our current one, which will itself be updated for free to included the all-new Relevant Profit mode. With this addition, the player will be able to choose the priority of what is shown to them immediately after hand selection (whether it’s the amount they can call versus each range to break even, or the amount that will yield them ´relevant profit’), and will at all times be able to switch between modes with just one tap.
Perfect Preflop Play Deluxe will go further and add Monster, our tool for always shoving the small blind with extreme precision. Monster will always tell you, for every hand you can have against all six possible calling ranges, for zero, two, five or eight antes posted on the table, how much you can open-shove in the small blind to take the hand down without having to play versus the big blind out of position. By looking at the numbers for every calling range, you can quickly determined whether shoving is mathematically unexploitable – that is, whether shoving has a better expectation than folding and there is simply nothing your opponent can do, no range they can call you with that will change that. Think about it, it’s quite a powerful concept. Monster will also feature ‘relevant profit’ mode, in case you’re looking not only for what pushes are positive-expectation, but which ones will result in you increasing your stack by 5% or 1,5 BB (whichever is smaller) on average.
Thus, for example, when you type ATo into Monster for a game with no antes, you will see that the lowest number there is 59.49 big blinds versus the 8% range (all other ranges allow you to shove even more!). Now, what this means is that you can shove 59 BB in the small blind and that has positive expectation, no matter what the big blind does. For the most extreme example, let’s say they decide to only call you with Aces. All right, you do look pretty stupid when they call you with Aces with a smug smile, but you should not worry about that. Think, instead, about the fact that this exact opponent is only going to call you one time in 408!!! So you shove 407 times, each time stealing 1.5 BB without a showdown, and then they finally call you on the 408th and you’re dominated. My friend, you should be delighted to come across this opponent, and Monster is the guarantee that you will take full advantage of them.
But if you think that, if the maximum amount you can shove is 59.49 big blinds to break even, then shoving 59 BB is not very profitable – then, well, you’re entirely right. This is where Relevant Profit comes in, to show you that by shoving 19.11 BB and getting called by the range that’s the worst for you (8% range), you are going to show a profit of 0.96 BB, which is 5% of your stack and, thus, quite an unmissable shove. Any shove below that amount is even better.
Now compare this unexploitable play with limping or raising a normal amount in the small blind and getting called or reraised and playing the rest of the hand out of position. Well, if you’ve ever read a single thing about poker, then you know you should always avoid being out of position, and by shoving the amount approved by Monster, you will cancel that disadvantage for good.
Of course, the same numbers apply for when you’re heads-up at the table, with the distinct difference that now you have position in the small blind, and consequently seeing a flop is much better than before. Great for you, you have more options, but the fact remains that the pushes suggested by Monster are still profitable and, you will often find, preferable.
Finally, Heads-up Suite is the product that’s cheap and meets every need of the heads-up specialist. It will feature heads-up mode (both classic and relevant profit) and Monster, as well as the original PPP book and the Monster book. That way every single hand in a heads-up tournament is covered, whether you’re the one shoving or the one calling.
These are the functions present in each of our products:
Okay, so it’s an eight-handed table, you hold Deuces in the big blind and the button, who has been bullying everyone for the last three orbits because we’re close to reaching the money, again shoves around 25 BB from the button. You’re entirely certain he has a range not an inch tighter than the 31% range, and you must call you last 16.7 BB to go to showdown. Should you do it?
Yes! Am I right?
Well, yes, but also…
What kind of player are you? How much is this bubble? Do you care about this particular mincash? Are you in a fighting mood, or do you really just want to guarantee a winning session?
Granted, in a perfect world where you always have thousands of buy-ins and no feelings regarding what happens, but instead you only focus on optimum play an the long run, the answer should be: fuck the bubble, I’ve read the situation well, I know what this guy is doing, calling is absolutely a positive-expectation play, not only immediately, but it may later stop people from messing with my blind, so I call.
But if those questions indeed bug your mind, it’s no fault of yours, and you’re not wrong to consider them – you are what is known in laymen’s terms as a human.
The number 17.1 BB is the exact point where calling the bet against the 31% range is break-even, meaning calling 17.1 BB has the exact same expectation of folding – that is, to have 17.1 BB by the end of the hand when you fold, and to end the hand with a total 171,000 BB over 10,000 hands when you call (averaging 17.1 BB). Any number greater than that is unprofitable to call (your expectation is lower than folding), and any number smaller than that is profitable. And 16.7 is smaller, so this is a profitable call. But…
What Perfect Preflop Play (get it here) is neglecting to call you is, by how much? That is, if by calling my non-desperate stack of 16.7 BB I expect to end the hand with 16.8 BB but also expect to bust out before the bubble more than half the time, do I want to do it? I’m guessing most of you will answer “no.”
And that is why we’re coming up with a free update that is going to tell you what you really want to know: When does calling become so profitable that it’s a shame not to do it?
It’s really simple. We’re not going to erase the information you currently find on PPP, but by messing around with the original formula just a little bit, we’re going to bring you a whole new mode that you can choose to show you at what point your call starts yielding an extra 5% to your stack, or an extra 1.5 BB for stacks bigger than 30 BB.
So now that we demand to increase our stack by at least 5% to warrant making the call, what is the cutoff? For this precise situation, it’s 10.87 BB. That’s because, when you make the all-in call with 10.87 BB, the total effective pot becomes 25.04 BB, and you have 45.6% equity in that, which amounts to 11.42 BB, which is bigger than 10.87 BB by 0.55 BB, which is 5% of 10.87 BB.
So if you have 10.87 BB or less against this exact player in this spot, then by calling you are going to increase your stack by at least 5%, effectively turning the call into too good to miss. So from a practical standpoint, this update (which also includes 6-max mode) is going to make PPP a whole lot better, and for free.
The “relevant profit” concept will also be applied to Heads-up Monster, to make sure you’re only shoving the small blind (especially with a decent stack) when there’s enough to gain from it.
We have decided that our Q scale for classifying hands in their preflop shoving strength, albeit a powerful tool for keeping your game consistent and stopping you from going stray and making any horrible mistakes, was still not enabling you to take advantage of every single blind versus blind opportunity(mind you, if you play heads-up poker, by blind versus blind I mean every single hand played; if you play non-heads-up poker, I mean every time it is folded around to you in the small blind, which is still thousands of hands a year, and of course, also every time you get heads-up from a bigger SNG or MTT).
Well, enough of that. Heads-up push/fold poker is just about as finite as it gets for no-limit hold’em, so as it turns out, there is a formula, and we found it. There is some heavy lifting involved, so this PPP (app store link) update may take a while to come out, but we are confident it will revolutionize how you play the game. A lot of the results provided are incredible, as in you would have never, in a million years, guessed you can play that hand that way. We were in disbilief too, but the formulas have been triple-checked and there isn’t a single hole.
This will be like nothing you have ever seen. It’s not your old “shove this for 7BB” shtick – no, that’s far too simple. We are way more ambitious. We are talking how much you can shove with any hand, against any of the six ranges your opponent may call you with, for any number of antes posted.
And as you know, Perfect Preflop Play is not about creating idiot human bots. Your intelligence comes into play in that your notes and feel for the game are going to help you gauge what range your foe may call you with. We’re talking about abusing an opponent who just can’t bring himself to call with less than AT, while showing (proving, actually) that maybe you have to let the same hand go if you have a more perceptive adversary who can adjust and look you up more often. We’re talking playing T4s in the small blind against Phil Ivey in the big blind and not losing money. We’re talking never again making a negative expectation play heads-up preflop.
Heads-up Monster will integrate seamlessly with PPP for just an extra $1.99, and you will have options as to how to see its results only when useful, so as to not slow down the already awesome PPP experience. For that value you will also get another exclusive Perfect Preflop Play book, that will explain to you all of the math behind Heads-up Monster and is sure to make you a believer. We’re also going to tackle other important issues, to build on the foundation laid by the original PPP book, which comes free with the main app. If you know some of our work, you know we’re onto something. We want to evolve with you, and we’re just getting started.
I won’t try to fool you here: tournament structures bend the values of chips. You should be well aware of it, but chances are you are, because, well, every player is. The clearest example of this is satellites. In satellites you often have from a few to hundreds of prizes that are worth the same – you have many people tied for first. Say a satellite awards seven seats to the Sunday Million. There’s no three-handed or heads-up play. There will be no champion. The tournament ends the exact moment someone busts out in eighth, and at that point the player who has 10 million chips gets the same as the one who was holding tight with one ante left – although the first guy was probably a lot less stressed toward the end.
It’s common for people with some seven big blinds to fold AK, QQ or even AA in this sort of position, which would normally be preposterous. Of course, with Queens you have the expectation to win chips if you open-shove 7 BB, so why would you open-fold them? In such a satellite bubble, the answer is almost always this: you think someone else is going to bust first, maybe this very hand, and you are not the chip leader, so by folding you make sure you are not all-in this hand, and you may win your ticket by just waiting around. Since you are not going to keep playing down to a single winner, there is no more need for chip accumulation. If there is one player all-in in the big blind, then automatically the goal of every other player is to knock him out, simply because it would be the quickest, safest way for everybody (but him) to get what they want.
Normal, single-table sit-and-gos have that too, but to a smaller degree. If three are paid and there are four left and one guy is supershort, then the other two non-chip leaders often want to refrain from risky moves before they see if he doubles up or busts – thus guaranteeing the other players a cash.
But look! There is a major different between this SNG and the satellite, and that difference is that there will be an actual winner, meaning you should still take the occasional very profitable chance if it’s not entirely obvious the shortest guy is gonna bust out in fourth. I mean, if he has a half big blind left and he’s the big blind next hand, that is a clear situation where he has no choice but to be all-in in what is looking like a pretty terrible spot, but things are not so clear if you have 8 BB and he has 6 BB.
Many aggressive players (and even some passive ones, in a complete 180) will go absolutely crazy here. You should not. I mean, they have the chip lead with 4 left and one guy shorter then the other two, and they start shoving 100% of their hands. My friend, you should be aware that this is just almost never good. You either don’t have such a big lead, and getting called by someone with you embarrassing 94o would cripple you terribly, or you do have a big lead, you’re completely comfortable, you are gonna cash almost surely, and there is no need to spew chips like a retard! Even if the two medium stacks are cowards, remember that at least the shortest one is probably looking for a good spot to triple up, and you are handing it to him, just like that, and maybe turning a hopeless situation into a game where everyone has chances.
With Perfect Preflop Play you will be very well equipped to deal with the idiot push-every-hand chip leader. After five straight pushes you can easily put him on the “psycho” range (and that’s if you wanna be cautious, because he may have the all-hands range), and by taking one second to type in your hand, you will be surprised at how many good calls you can make with stuff like 98s and K2s.
But there is one money bubble where chip values are not distorted, and that’s the last one, when you’re heads-up. Let’s take the actual numbers from a 9-player, $15 knockout SNG on Pokerstars. Second place gets $30.45 and first gets $50.77, but since the winner will be necessarily be knocking out the runner-up and not be knocked out himself, he also wins two bounties for his win, so we’re gonna count first place as $56.41, so this is a $25.96 bubble between second and first.
There is no more waiting around, of course, because there isn’t a third player to knock out the other guy for you. We can, in fact, interpret the $30.45 as a thing of the past. You are both fighting just for that $25.96. This is now the same as fixed-buy-in heads-up cash game that only ends when one player loses their buy-in. 13,500 chips is worth exactly (no relativity) $25.96; 0 chips is worth $0.
So before you two post for this hand you both have 6,750 chips, and since there is no distortion your expectation (disregarding skill disparity) is $12.98. The blinds are 300 / 600 with a 50 ante and you’re the big blind. Your opponent is definitely capable of stealing, and he’s been very active, and there is just no better spot to steal than heads-up with short stacks, so you’re not gonna give him much respect for his raises – unless he starts folding the button several times. You pick up QJs and he goes all-in. From the description you should put your opponent on the “loose” or “psycho” range (you should seldom assume the all-hands range unless a player is ultrashort or in maniac mode; remember you are never being cautious if you assume 100% of hands – you’re either right or you’re optimistic).
Well, against the “loose range” PPP will tell you that you need 1.11 to 1 or greater to call, and that you can call up to around 20 big blinds. There are no more players that can bust if you fold, so this is just a plain positive-expectation call, so you call. Needing 1.11 to 1 means you are gonna win one time in 2.11, or 47.43% of the time. So your equity in this 13,500 pot is 6,403 chips, which, of course, is better than retaining your 6,100 by folding.
Since each chip has a fixed dollar value, it’s obvious that 6,100 chips are worth $11.73 and that 6,403 chips are worth $12.09. So 36 cents is what you gain by calling here against the “loose” range. Doesn’t sound like much, but this is meant as an example of a close call. Short-stack heads-up play can be very brutal in that every pot conceded increases you disadvantage by a lot, so you must be ready to take a stand against aggresive players soon, or not at all.
Okay, this is pretty basic stuff, so if you may just skip it if you have any grounds to say you’re at least an intermediate player, or if you’ve read Perfect Preflop Play’s book (http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/perfect-preflop-play-poker/id549569867?l=pt&ls=1&mt=8). That’s the real useful theory, as well as the app itselft, which will give you concrete numbers against each preflop range.
However, this here is to address a wrong mindset, and while I’m at it I guess I’m gonna name it. Let’s call it the Phil Hellmuth mindset. Now, this is not meant as an attack on Phil Hellmuth, but the name is appropriate. It’s tough to argue against his 12 bracelets (sick, right?), but we ought not to be blinded by them either. A lot of great players say Phil plays horribly, and I agree. This is simply because, even though Phil is well aware of the math of the game, he feels it does not apply to him.
That’s just fucked up. I mean, he raise-folds 13 BB with Queens, he folds a straight flush draw on the flop if he thinks he’s flippling against a set, etc. I won’t even get into how dreadfully horrible such plays are. I’ll just tell you that, at least with large blinds, you should always play every coinflip you can get your hands on!
Now, wait a second. If you’ve read some articles in this blog or the PPP book, you know that isn’t quite how it works, because you always have a defined hand (yours) against a range (opponent’s), so you don’t analyse hands like “I have KQo versus Fives,” but rather “I need 1.18 to 1 with my KQo versus the 17% range,” which is actually a number that PPP gives you in two seconds to help you decide and play accurately in real time.
But you do hear some people say, “I avoid coinflips,” and Hellmuth is the most high-profile of those players. So, if you somehow know that you’re gonna play a coinflip, here’s why you should always play it.
First, in a coinflip you are usually a little under or a little over 50% to win. And because of the way that poker betting works, you should always take a bet where you’re a little over 50%, and almost always take a bet where you’re a little under that.
First, let’s take an actual coinflip, with a coin. You and your friend each bet 1 dollar on each side. Needless to say, this is a break-even bet. You have one chance in two (50%) to win, which breaks even for a bet of one to one ($1 versus $1). Now let’s give you Fives in the big blind, and your opponent JTo on the button. There are antes in play at an 8-player table so the starting pot is 2.3 BB, and he has 10 BB behind against the 9 BB you have after posting. This is the closest matchup I could find to an actualy coinflip (each hand is almost exacly 50% to win). Now the button goes all-in for 10 BB and you know his exact hand and you must call 9 BB to stay in the hand. Should you do it.
This is the point, and I hope you get it. It really doesn’t matter what player you are (sorry, Phil). There is a mathmatical truth to the situation. You should definitely call, because, even though having 55 vs JTo is just like having heads versus tails, you are no longer getting 1 to 1. The way poker betting is designed, there are always forced bets (blinds, antes) before play begins. But when you call someone’s bet, you only need to match their bet in order to be elligible to win the money left behind by others. In this case you would be calling 9 BB to try to win the current pot of 12.3 BB. Because the blinds are high relative to the stacks, the amount the pot is laying you is a big deal (unlike calling 60 BB to win 62.3 BB), and now you’re getting a whopping 1.37 to 1! Meaning you would break even if you had as little as 42.2% equity. So calling with 50% should be a no-brainer. Your expectation is to end this hand with 50% of the resulting 21.3 BB pot, which is 10.65, instead of the 9BB you would retain by folding. Calling is a great play, and folding is an awful mistake.
And that’s it. You should definitely play a lot of coinflips with high blinds, because of the simple fact that the pot in poker is always giving you more than 1 to 1. You never have to be an actual favorite in order to play profitably!
Just so people get to know what Perfect Preflop Play is all about, we’re selling it for $1.99 instead of $6.99 just for the next 24 hours. Get it at the app store here, http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/perfect-preflop-play-poker/id549569867?l=pt&ls=1&mt=8
and please write a review after you do the rounds with it. Go to our Facebook page to ask us any questions.